الأسئله الشائعه

Find answers to recurring questions and concerns about Monero.

Table Of Contents


What's the meaning of [technical word]?

The terminology used in Monero can be quite complex, for this reason we have the Moneropedia. A comprehensive list of terms that you often see and their explanation. If you don't know what a word means or you would like to have more info about it, just visit the Moneropedia. Some example of often searched terms are: node, fungibility, view key, pruning.

How can I contribute?

Monero is an open source community project. Meaning that there is no company who runs it and there is no CEO who hires people. Everything is built by volunteers or community-funded contributors who dedicate their time to the project. There are many ways to contribute:

Translations. It's easy and anybody speaking a language beside English can help. Translations happen mostly on Weblate.

Contact a Workgroup. Almost everything in Monero is managed by workgroups, which are groups of contributors (often lead by a coordinator) working on some specific aspect of the development. Some examples are: the localization workgroup (translations), the community workgroup, the GUI workgroup, the Outreach workgroup and so on. Workgroups are mostly independent and have their own structure. Contact the workgroup that interests you and ask how you can help. For a list of contacts see the Hangouts.

Do what you can do best. Are you a designer? Create Monero related images and spread them around. Are you a writer? Write about Monero. The only limit is your imagination. Find what you like to do and do it for Monero!

The Outreach workgroup wrote a useful article to help newcomers: Getting started with Monero.

More Info: تطوير مونيرو

كيف أحصل علي مونيرو؟

يمكنك شراء مونيرو من أحد منصات التداول أو من أحد الأشخاص.وأيضاً يمكنك تعدين مونيرو والحصول علي العمله من مكافئه الكتل.

In past, you needed Bitcoin to buy Monero, but that's not the case anymore. You can directly trade Monero for national currencies (USD, EUR, GBP, etc) or other cryptocurrencies on many exchanges. Some require KYC (proof of identification); others do not, like decentralized exchanges. On this website is available a list of exchanges where it's possible to buy/sell Monero (XMR): التجار & الخدمات.

More Info: How to Buy Monero (Monero Outreach)

كيف يختلف مونيرو عن البتكوين ؟

مونيرو ليس مبني علي البيتكوين. مونيرو مبني علي بروتوكول كريبتونوت. البتكوين هو نظام شفاف تماماً يمكن لأي شخص رؤيه الكميه المُرسله وعناوين المُرسِل والمُستَلِم لأي معامله. مونيرو يخفي هذه المعلومات لحمايه خصوصيه المستخدمين في جميع المعاملات. أيضاً حجم الكتل في مونيرو والرسوم متغيره, ولمونيرو خوارزميه تأكيد-العمل مضاده للأجهزه المخصصه للتعدين وذلك ضمن العديد من الإختلافات الأخري.

Why is Monero called 'Monero'?

Monero is an Esperanto word which means 'coin'. Initially Monero was called 'Bitmonero', which translates to 'Bitcoin' in Esperanto. After the community decided to fork from the original maintainer, 'bit' was dropped in favour of simply 'Monero'.

Is it true that Monero has a hard fork every 6 months?

Monero used to have 2 network upgrades (hard forks) a year, but this is not the case anymore. The choice of the biannual hard forks was taken in order to be able to introduce important consensus changes, which added privacy features and network-wide improvements (For example bulletproofs and CLSAG both required a hard fork) and avoid the ossification of the protocol. Recently, the biannual hard forks included changes to the PoW algorithm, to preserve ASIC-resistance.

The dev community and the Core Team agree that the protocol is stable and mature enough and biannual hard forks are not necessary anymore. Furthermore, the ecosystem around Monero has grown exponentially during the years and frequent protocol changes would be increasingly hard to coordinate, could be detrimental to the growth of the ecosystem and to the user experience. Cherry on the top, the new algorithm RandomX is ensuring long term ASIC-resistance, so regular changes are not needed anymore. Network upgrades will still be used to add important protocol improvements and consensus changes, but at a lower and less strict frequency (every 9-12 months). The last hard fork was on August 13th 2022.

More Info: A note on scheduled protocol upgrades

Are there videos I can watch to learn about Monero?

During the years the community has created a vast amount of informative content like articles and videos. Most of these videos are publicly available on platforms like YouTube. On this website we host a few videos that explain the fundamentals of Monero. To optimize their effectiveness, they should be viewed in sequence:

  1. Introduction to Monero (also available in Russian and Brazilian Portuguese)
  2. The Essentials
  3. Stealth Addresses - More info on the Moneropedia entry: Stealth Addresses
  4. Ring Signatures - More info on the Moneropedia entry: Ring Signatures
  5. Ring Confidential Transactions - More info on the Moneropedia entry: RingCT

هل يوجد لمونيرو حد لحجم الكتل ؟

لا, مونيرو لا يحوي حد لحجم الكتل. بدلاً من ذلك يمكن لحجم الكتل أن يزيد أو يقل مع الوقت بناءً علي الطَلَب. هو فقط مُحكم بحجم نمو معين لمنع النمو الصارخ.

Is Monero a mixer or mixing service?

No. Monero uses a completely non-interactive, non-custodial, and automatic process to create private transactions. By contrast for mixing services, users opt-in to participate.


كيف تختلف سريه مونيرو عن العملات الأخري ؟

مونيرو يستخدم ثلاث تقنيات سريه مختلفه: توقيعات الطوق, معاملات الطوق السريه (RingCT), و العناوين المخفيه. هذه التقنيات تخفي المُرسل والكميه والمُستلم في المعاملات. جميع المعاملات في الشبكه سريه. لا يوجد طريقه لإرسال معامله شفافه عن طريق الخطأ. هذه الخاصيه توجد فقط في مونيرو. لا تحتاج للثقه في أي شخص من أجل سريه معاملاتك وخصوصيتك.

More Info: عن مونيرو

Is Monero magic and protect my privacy no matter what I do ?

Monero is not magic. If you use Monero but give your name and address to another party, the other party will not magically forget your name and address. If you give out your secret keys, others will know what you've done. If you get compromised, others will be able to keylog you. If you use a weak password, others will be able to brute force your keys file. If you backup your seed in the cloud, you'll be poorer soon.

Is Monero 100% anonymous ?

There is no such thing as 100% anonymous. If nothing else, your anonymity set is the set of people using Monero. Some people don't use Monero. Monero may also have bugs. Even if not, ways may exist to infer some information through Monero's privacy layers, either now or later. Attacks only get better. If you wear a seatbelt, you can still die in a car crash. Use common sense, prudence and defense in depth.


What is ASIC resistance? Why is it important?

ASICs are basically special computers created to do only one job, contrary to normal computers, which are made for general purpose. This characteristic makes ASICs very efficient for mining.

The problem is that these devices are very expensive and can be afforded by few. This leads to few entities owning a big amount of the hashrate of the network, which is a serious threat to the security of the network itself. For example, if big ASIC operators collude and manage to gain the majority of the hashrate of the network, they could arbitrarily reject transactions.

Monero fixes this problem by being ASIC-resistant: it uses an algorithm (randomx) that strongly reduces the efficiency of ASICs, making them not profitable to build. Miners can use common consumer hardware, which allows them to compete fairly. The Monero network is currently protected by thousands of miners using 'regular' computers. This results in a network much harder to attack, no miner having significant advantage over other miners (they all use more or less the same hardware).

Are there known vulnerabilities in Monero?

The Monero community has created a series of videos called "Breaking Monero", where potential Monero vulnerabilities are explored and discussed. There are 14 videos, with each exploring a different subject. Check out the videos on monerooutreach.org.

More Info: Available on Spotify as podcast

Why is my antivirus/firewall flagging the Monero software i just downloaded as malware?

After you have downloaded the Monero software (GUI and CLI alike), your antivirus or firewall may flag the executables as malware. Some antiviruses only warn you about the possible menace, others go as far as silently removing your downloaded wallet / daemon. This likely happens because of the integrated miner, which is used for mining and for block verification. Some antiviruses may erroneously consider the miner as dangerous software and act to remove it.

The problem is being discussed and solutions are being elaborated. In the meantime, if you get a warning from your antivirus, make sure the software you downloaded is legitimate (see the guides linked below), then add an exception for it in your antivirus, so that it won't get removed or blocked. If you need assistance, feel free to contact the community.

More Info: تحقق من الملفات علي ويندوز (للمبتدئين), تحقق من ملفات التثبيت علي ويندوز ولينُكس (متقدم)


كيف يكون لمونيرو قيمه ؟

مونيرو له قيمه لأن الناس مستعده لشراءه. إذا لم يكن هناك مَن يُريد شراءه لن يكون له أي قيمه. سعر مونيرو يُحدد بالعرض والطلب, يزيد سعر مونيرو إذا زاد الطلب عن العرض ويَقل السعر في حاله حدوث العكس.

ماهي خاصيه الإستبداليه ولماذا تعتبر مهمه ؟

الإستبداليه هي خاصيه بسيطه للمال وتعني أنه ليس هناك أي فرق بين كميتين من نفس القيمه. إذا إستبدل شخصين 10 و خمستين لم يخسر أحدهما اي شيء. مع ذلك دعنا نفترض أن الجميع يعرف أن هذه ال10 كانت مستخدمه سابقاً في هجمه إختراق, هل سيقوم الشخص الأخر بالتبديل في هذه الحاله ؟ غالباً لا. برغم أن الشخص الذي يملك ال10 ليست لديه أي صله بهجمه الإختراق تلك, هذه هي المشكله, منذ أنه يجب علي المستلم التحقق من تاريخ الاموال التي يتلقاها حتي لا ينتهي الأمر به بأموال ملوثه. مونيرو يتمتع بخاصيه الإستبداليه, وتعني أنك لا تحتاج أن تقوم بكل هذا الجهد, لأنه ليس هناك تاريخ شفاف لهذه الأموال من الأساس .

لو أن مونيرو خاص لهذه الدرجه كيف يمكننا التأكد من أنه لا يتم طباعته من الهواء ؟

في مونيرو, كل ناتج معامله مربوط بشكل فريد بصوره مفتاح التي لا يمكن إنشاؤها إلا بواسطه المالك لهذا الناتج. صور المفاتيح التي تستخدم أكثر من مره يتم رفضها بواسطه المُعدنين كمعامله مُتكرره ولا يمكن إضافتها في كتله سليمه. عندما يتم إستلام معامله جديده يتحقق المعدنين من أن صوره المفتاح لا توجد بالفعل في معامله سابقه للتأكد من أنها ليست مُعامله مُتكرره.

يمكننا أيضاً معرفه أن كميه المعاملات سليمه علي الرغم من أن قيمه المعاملات المُرسله وناتجها مُشفرين ( مُشفرين لكل الناس عدا المُستلم ). لأن الكميه مُشفره عن طريق التزامات بيدرسن (Pedersen commitments) ما يعني ذلك أنه لا يُوجد مُلاحظ يمكنه معرفه المُدخلات والمُخرجات لكن يمكن عمل عمليات حسابيه علي إلتزامات بيدرسن لتأكيد أنه لم يتم إنشاء أي مونيرو من الهواء .

طالما أن كميه المُخرجات المُشفره التي أنشأتها تُساوي نتيجه جميع المُدخلات التي يتم صرفها ( والتي تحوي مُخرج للمُستلم وآخر وهو الباقي ويعود لك و ايضاً رسوم المعامله وهي غير مشفره) بذلك تكون المعامله صحيحه ولم يتم إصدار أي مونيرو من الهواء. إلتزامات بيدرسن تعني أنه يمكن التأكد من أن مجموع النواتج مُتساوي. لكن القيمه الفرديه لكل عمليه جمع وحدها و المدخلات و المُخرجات وحدها لا يمكن تحديدها.

More Info: About supply auditability

What is Monero's maximum supply?

Monero has a fixed emission rate, not a set maximum supply. Around May 2022, Monero's emission will drop to and permanently remain at 0.3 XMR per minute (0.6 XMR per block). This is approximately 1% inflation for the first year and will approach 0% inflation in future years. This tail emission allows for permanent incentives to secure Monero, even in the far future, while keeping inflation at a very low percent.

Why does Monero not have a maximum supply?

Miners process transactions on the Monero network by mining blocks. The miner of a block is paid the constant block reward of .6 XMR, and the transaction fees of the users who have transactions in that block. Monero has the block reward rather than relying solely on the transaction fees to give the miners incentive to keep securing the network with their hashrate, and keep transaction fees low.

The tail emission caused by this constant block reward creates an inflation rate of less than 1% which trends towards 0% over time. The fixed emission of the currency ensures human corruption cannot over inflate the supply. Keeping the network predictable, decentralized, and secure.


ما الفرق بين المحفظه الخفيفه والمحفظه العاديه ؟

في المحفظه خفيفه الوزن تقوم بإعطاء مفتاح الرؤيه الخاص بك إلي خادم ويقوم الخادم بالبحث في سلسله الكتل عن المعاملات القادمه إلي حسابك. هذا الخادم سوف يعلم عندما تصلك معامله لكنه لن يعلم الكميه او المصدر للمعامله او إلي أين تُرسل نقودك. إمكان استخدامك لخادم خاص بك يتوقف علي برنامج المحفظه المستخدمه . للحصول علي خصوصيه افضل إستخدم محفظه عاديه التي يمكن إستخدامها مع خادم لخاص بك.

What wallet should I use?

There are multiple wallets available for a vast number of platforms. On this website you'll find the wallets released by the Core Team (GUI and CLI) and a list of widely trusted and open source third party wallets for desktop and mobile.

More Info: التنزيلات

I can't see my funds. Did I just lose all my Monero?

You probably didn't. It's very hard to simply 'lose' your coins, since they are technically nowhere. Your coins 'live' on the blockchain and are linked to your account through a system of public and private keys secured by cryptography. That's why if you don't see your funds, it's probably because of a technical issue. Take a look at the 'Resources & Help' section at the top of this page for a list of useful resources that will help you identify and fix your problem.

I haven't touched my Monero in a long time, did I lose my coins as a consequence of a hard fork (network upgrade)?

Don't worry, your coins are safe. To be able to spend them you only have to download and run the latest Monero software. You can use the mnemonic seed you previously saved to restore your wallet at any time. Note that hard forks in Monero are scheduled and non-contentious. Which means no new coin is created.

لماذا تأخذ محفظتي وقت طويل للمزامنه ؟

إذا كنت مٌشغل خادم كامل علي جهازك تحتاج لنسخ سلسله الكتل كامله علي جهازك. وهذا يأخذ وقتاً طويلاً. خاصه علي الأقراص القديمه أو إذ كان لديك إتصال ضعيف بالإنترنت. إذا كنت تستخدم خادم عن بعد يحتاج جهازك الحصول علي نسخه من جميع المخرجات, ويمكن أن يأخذ هذا عده ساعات. كُن صبوراً, إذا كنت تريد التضحيه ببعض الخصوصيه في سبيل سرعه المزامنه يمكنك إستخدام محفظه خفيفه بدلاً من ذلك.

Why my wallet needs to be scanned everytime I open it?

Because new transactions have been recorded on the blockchain from the last time you opened your wallet, which needs to scan all of them to make sure non of those transaction is yours. This process is not necessary in a mymonero-style (openmonero) wallet, a central server (which could be managed by you) does this work for you.


Can I manually import the blockchain?

Yes, you can, but you probably shouldn't. Importing an external blockchain is very resource intensive and forces you to trust the entity providing you with the blockchain. It's usually faster to download it the normal way: running a node and letting it synchronize with the other nodes in the network. If you really need to import an external blockchain, you can download one in the 'Downloads' page of this website. Follow the guide below if you are using Windows. If you are a linux user, you can use the tool "monero-blockchain-import", which is included in the archive when you download the GUI or CLI wallets. Start syncing the imported blockchain with this command: "monero-blockchain-import --input-file blockchain.raw".

More Info: Blockchain Bootstrap

How can I connect my node via Tor?

Support for Tor is still in its infancies, but it's already possible to natively send transactions through the network and to run a Monero daemon on the Tor network. Better Tor and I2P integrations are in progress.

More Info: Connecting your local wallet to your own daemon over Tor

How do I decide if I should run a full node or a pruned node?

A full node requires a considerable amount of storage and could take a long time to download and verify the entire blockchain, especially on older hardware. If you have limited storage, a pruned node is recommended. It only stores 1/8th of unnecessary blockchain data while keeping the full transaction history. If plenty of storage is available, a full node is recommended but a pruned node still greatly contributes to the network and improves your privacy.

How big is the Monero blockchain?

The Monero blockchain is always growing so there is no fixed size. As of 2022, the full blockchain is around 140-150GB. A pruned blockchain is about 50GB. Check out Moneropedia entry pruning to learn the difference between a full and a pruned blockchain.

Why does the blockchain need so much space?

When you download the blockchain, you are downloading the entire history of the transactions that happened in the Monero network since it was created. The transactions and the related data are heavy and the entire history must be kept by every node to ensure it's the same for everybody. Pruning a blockchain allows to run a node which keeps only 1/8 of not strictly necessary blockchain data. This results in a blockchain 2/3 smaller than a full one. Convenient for people with limited disk space. Check out the Moneropedia entries node and remote node for more details.

Can I avoid downloading the entire blockchain?

Yes. You don't need to download the blockchain to transact on the network. You can connect to a remote node, which stores the blockchain for you. All the most common wallets (including GUI and CLI) allow to use remote nodes to transact on the network. There are multiple ways to take advantage of this functionality. For example GUI and CLI offer a 'bootstrap node' feature, which allow people to download their own blockchain while using a remote node to immediately use the network. Ways to improve the usability of the Monero network are constantly being explored.

More Info: كيفيه الإتصال بخادم بعيد في الواجهه الرسوميه

Is it dangerous to run a personal node?

Running a personal node is the safest way to interact with the Monero network, because you are in full control and you don't need to rely on third parties. From a general point of view running a node is not dangerous, but keep in mind that your ISP can see you are running a Monero node.

Is it dangerous to use a remote node? What's the data a node operator can get from me?

It's always advisable, especially for privacy-conscious users, to use a personal node when transacting on the network to achieve the highest rate of privacy. Some people for convenience prefer to use remote node which are not under their control (public nodes). The convenience of not having to deal with a personal copy of the blockchain comes at a cost: lessened privacy. A remote node operator is able to see from what IP address a transaction comes from (even if cannot see the recipient nor the amount) and in some extreme cases, can make attacks able to reduce your privacy. Some dangers can be mitigated by using remote nodes on the Tor or I2P networks or using a VPN.